After the 1967 Referendum to include Indigenous people into the Census led to hope for land rights and improved conditions. When Australia was colonised it was given the title ‘Terra Nulius’, which means land belonging to no-one, this idea completely dismissed Indigenous habitation. This idea continued as land was taken by the Colonisers.
The idea of Terra Nulius dismisses Indigenous Rights to the land. There has been movement towards Land Rights being recognised with various activism movements moving towards Reconciliation.
This video summarises many of the movements and issues around Reconciliation and Treaty.